|Motto: United in Diversity|
|Capital||Arendelle, Dartfordia (de facto)|
|Member states||6 (plus 1 observer)|
|Formation||Treaty of Elpidiana (2014)|
Headquarters of the Cross-Straits Union in Arendelle
The Cross-Straits Union (CSU) is a politico-economic union formed of 6 members and 1 observer. The CSU operates through a system of supranational institutions and intergovernmental-negotiated decisions by the member states. The institutions are: the Cross-Straits Parliament, the Cross-Straits Council, the Cross-Straits Summit Group, the Cross-Straits Commission and the Cross-Straits Court of Justice.
- 1 History
- 2 Members
- 3 Structure
- 4 Powers and competence
- 5 See also
The Cross-Straits Union emerged in a period of economic, political and social cooperation at a global level. Sometimes known as the Anselmo Consensus, this involved the use of creating international bodies in order to promote cooperation and reduce war. Other bodies to have emerged in this time include the Commonwealth Treaty Organisation, the Cross-Straits Treaty Organisation, the Uppsala Convention and the Mundus Convention on Universal Rights.
There was first talk of a Cross-Straits Union in early 2014, when Cross-Straits Treaty Organisation (CSTO) members sought closer political and economic cooperation. Initially it was believed CSTO would expand into these new roles, however at the insistence of Dartfordia, Elpidia and Tytor, a separate organisation formed in order to prevent the Union becoming a state in its own right.
Much like the Cross-Straits Treaty Organisation, the term ‘cross-straits’ comes from the Strait of Shaw, which separates the continents of Albion and Ardia. It had been used historically to both describe Rokkenjiman-Tytorian relations, and then later Ardian and Albinic cooperation. Leaders capitalised on the phrase for CSTO, as Albo-Ardian relations were are the forefront of the agreement.
While one of its founding members, Elpidia, was situated on neither continent, and both Dartfordia and Quinntopia were situated away from the bay, leaders agreed ‘Cross-Straits’ represented a unique and unifying company.
Since the establishment of CSTO and the CSU, the term ‘traditional cross-straits relations’ has come to refer to relations between Rokkenjima and Tytor, though this is infrequently used.
The CSU currently has six members, three of which were founder members of the Union, and a single observer. Normal members of the Union must follow all Union directives that are covered by the Treaty, unless granted special exception. Observer members only have access to the single market and may opt-in to certain Cross-Straits policies where allowed.
- Kingdom of Dartfordia*
- People’s Paradise of Communist Quinntopia*
- First Empire of Rokkenjima*
- Holy Empire of Achkaerin
- Royal Kingdom of Luvonia
- Eisendorf Confederation
*Denotes founding member
- Kingdom of Tytor
The Cross-Straits operates according to the principles of conferral (which says that it should act only within the limits of the competences conferred on it by the treaties) and of subsidiarity (which says that it should act only where an objective cannot be sufficiently achieved by the member states acting alone). There are two types of Cross-Straits legislation:
- Regulations: those which come into force without the necessity for national implementation measures;
- Directives: those which specifically require national implementation measures.
The Cross-Straits Commission is the ‘executive’ of the Union. It is made up of a Secretariat (headed by the Secretary-General) and the Cabinet (Secretary-General + Commissioners). It is responsible for submitting proposals for new legislation to the Parliament and Council, impelling policies, ensuring compliance with Cross-Straits law, administering the budget and negotiating international treaties.
The Secretary-General of the Union is the head of the Cross-Straits Commission, elected by the Cross-Straits Parliament and Cross-Straits Council. The Secretary-General acts as the head of government of the union, taking ultimate responsibility for the Commission’s actions, representing the Union internationally and leading the Cabinet.
After every Cross-Straits Parliament election, the Cross-Straits political parties nominate a candidate to be President, who must be elected by majority in Parliament, and be approved by majority in the Cross-Straits Council. The Secretary-General may be removed from office by a majority vote of no confidence in parliament.
The Cross-Straits Commission consist of a number of Commissioners who individually lead a different department and collectively act as the cabinet of the Union. Commissioners are nominated by the Secretary-General and approved by the Parliament. Each member state is entitled to two Commissioners, and may veto a nomination of their own national.
Cross-Straits Summit Group
The Cross-Straits Summit Group is made up of Heads of state or government of each nation state, plus the Secretary-General of the Union. It gives the necessary political impetus for the development of the Union and sets its general objectives and priorities, though does not have a direct legislative role. The Summit Group also nominates the Chairman of the Cross-Straits Council and is responsible for negotiating changes to the Union’s treaties – including negotiating the accession or withdrawal of member states.
Summit Group meetings are usually held within each member state, with countries getting turns to ‘host’ summits for six months. Each hosting nation is required to hold at least one Summit Group meeting, but may request that such a meeting be held at the Cross-Straits Union headquarters. The host nation is responsible for setting the agenda of the meeting, although items may be removed with unanimous approval of all other states, and the head of state/government of the hosting nation acts as the chairman of the Summit Group.
The Cross-Straits Parliament is the ‘lower house’ of the legislature, made up of 800 Members of the Cross-Straits Parliament elected directly by citizens of the Union. Each country is given a number of Parliamentarians, who are all elected by proportional representation at the same time. The Parliament has a Speaker, who is elected from among their own ranks and once appointed remains politically neutral. At the end of a Parliamentary term, if the Speaker wishes to be reelected then they may be appointed an Honorary Member to fulfil their position.
The Parliament has a number of powers, including:
- The ability to initiate its own legislation;
- Pass, reject or amend Directives and Regulations (with the Council);
- Approving nominations for the Chairman of the Cross-Straits Council and Cross-Straits Commissioners;
- Electing the Secretary-General of the Union;
- Propose and approve amendments to the Treaty of the Cross-Straits Union (requires two-thirds majority).
The distribution of the 800 members was initially determined by the Treaty of the Cross-Straits Union, but is amended with every accession treaty. There is a maximum of 200 members per nation (25% of the total number of members), and a minimum of 80 members per nation (10% of the total number of members).
- Luvonia: 190
- Rokkenjima: 180
- Quinntopia: 160
- Dartfordia: 100
- Eisendorf Confederation: 90
- Achkaerin: 80
The Cross-Straits Council is made up of one permanent representative from each nation, nominated by their national government and approved by national parliament, along with a relevant government minister (e.g. if the economy is being discussed, the various economic ministers and permanent representatives will meet with the Cross-Straits Commissioner for Foreign Affairs). All Council meetings are chaired by the Chairman of the Cross-Straits Council.
The Council has similar legislative and budgetary powers to parliament, but is also responsible for unanimously concluding international agreements, approving nominations for Secretary-General and ensuring coordination of the broad economic and social policies.
Where a decision does not require unanimity, a simple majority vote process is used, where 4 out of the 6 members must approve of a measure before it is passed.
Chairman of the Cross-Straits Council
Nominated by the Cross-Straits Summit Group and elected by the Cross-Straits Parliament, the Chairman of the Cross-Straits Council is primarily responsible for chairing meetings of the Cross-Straits Council and assisting the host nation in chairing the Cross-Straits Summit Group, seeking a consensus among members of both groups and reporting to the Cross-Straits Parliament after each meeting.
The Chairman is elected for two years, with a term that is renewable once.
Cross-Straits Court of Justice
The Cross-Straits Court of Justice is the judicial body of the Union. It is made up of one senior judge and two junior judges from each member state, who are nominated by each country’s Supreme Court (or equivalent) and approved by the Court of Justice itself. The Court of Justice is led by a Chief Justice of the Union, a position that rotates between the Senior Justices of each nation on a yearly basis.
The Court of Justice ensures the uniform application and interpretation of Cross-Straits law, and has the power to decide legal disputes between member states, the Union, businesses and individuals. It also has an advisory role in upholding the Mundus Convention on Universal Rights and the Fair Seas Concordat within member states, however its judgements are binding on Cross-Straits institutions.
Powers and competence
The CSU has developed an internal single market through a standardised system of laws that apply in all member states. CSU policies aim to ensure the free movement of people, goods, services, and capital, and legislate on matters concerning the customs union, the internal market, conservation, agriculture, the environment, consumer protection and humanitarian aid.
Where there are areas that are not covered by Cross-Straits competences, individual member states enjoy exclusive competence.
|In some areas, the Union has exclusive competence to make directives and conclude international agreements when provided for in a Union legislative act.||In other areas, Member States cannot exercise competence in areas where the Union has done so. This means that, for example, Rokkenjima may impose trade sanctions on a particular nation. However, if the Cross-Straits Union agrees to impose these sanctions, then they shall override the Rokkenjiman ones and Rokkenjima shall be unable to end sanctions until the CSU agrees to do so.||There also some areas where Member States exercise competence, however the Union can carry out actions to support, coordinate or supplement Member States’ actions.|